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GLOSSARY OF TERMS

Our mission is to keep things simple. In fact, simplicity is one of our core values at True Club.

But many ingredients have complicated, multisyllabic names—as if they were chosen by a scientist who punched a keyboard and just went with it.

Plus, many ingredients have several different aliases (For instance, we’ve found 56 different names for sugar). To simplify the overly-complex and to help our Club Members, we’ve created a Glossary of Terms. It’s a great source of answers when you have a question about an ingredient or when you’re doing a crossword puzzle

Ingredients

 

Found in

Why it's used

What to watch out for

Non GMO

Non GMO

Most foods now have Non-GMO varieties

Indicates that a product contains only non-GMO certified ingredients

The Non-GMO Project Verified symbol

USDA Organic

USDA Organic

Most foods now have Orangic varieties

Indicates that a product contains greater than 95% organic content (not including salt or water).

The USDA Organic symbol

Contains Organic Ingredients

Contains Organic Ingredients

Most foods now have Orangic varieties

Indicates that a product contains greater than 70% organic content (not including salt or water).

The 'Made with organic Ingredients' symbol

Wheat Free

Wheat Free

Alternatives to foods that would typically contain wheat

Used to indicate that a product is free of milk/ milk derived ingredients

Wheat is frequently used as a filler product in pet food, vs higher nutrient quality ingredients

Dairy Free

Dairy Free

Alternatives to foods that would typically contain dairy

Used to indicate that a product is free of wheat / wheat derived ingredients

Wheat is frequently used as a filler product in pet food, vs higher nutrient quality ingredients

Lactose Free

Lactose Free

Dairy products

Lactose free products are created by adding small amounts of the enzyme lactase to milk, altering its composition and converting it into molecules that the digestive system processes easily

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Hormone & Antiobiotic Free

Hormone & Antiobiotic Free

Dairy products

Bovine Growth Hormone (rBGH or rBST)) is a genetically engineered artificial hormone injected into dairy cows to make them produce more milk.

There is no requirement to label milk or dairy products as containing rBGH/ rBST, look for rBGH free/ Hormone free labels

No Artificial Colors/ Flavors/ Sweeteners

No Artificial Colors/ Flavors/ Sweeteners

Most processed foods

Artificial colors, flavors and sweeteners are a chemical mixture that mimic the natural color / flavor of the food, to enchance flavor or sweeten it.

Artificial colors, flavors and sweeteners are a combination of chemically dervied ingredients to enable manufacturers to enhance product flavor

No Natural Flavors

No Natural Flavors

Most processed foods

Artificial colors, flavors and sweeteners are a chemical mixture that mimic the natural color / flavor of the food, to enchance flavor or sweeten it.

Artificial colors, flavors and sweeteners are a combination of chemically dervied ingredients to enable manufacturers to enhance product flavor

No-Added Sugar

No-Added Sugar

Most processed foods

Used to indicate that a product has no additional sugar added beyond what naturally occurs in its ingredients

Added sugar is listed under many different names, e.g. Barley Malt, Malt Syrup, Rice Bran Syrup, Corn Syrup, Corn Syrup Solids, High Fructose Corn Syrup, Dextrose, Maltodextrin, Glucose, Glucose Solids, Fructose, Sucrose, Maltose, Lactose, Galactose, Hone

No Natural Sweeteners

No Natural Sweeteners

Teas, candies, chewing gum, soft drinks

Used to indicate that a product is free of sugar alternatives, e.g. stevia

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High Fructose Corn Syrup Free

High Fructose Corn Syrup Free

Most processed foods

In addition to having the same negative effects as sugar, HFCS consumption has been reported to increase appetite, weight gain, diabetes and heart disease, and can contain contaminants like mercury.

High fructose corn syrup is an industrial food product, does not occur naturally, and is extracted from corn stalks before being processed.

MSG/ Yeast Extract Free

MSG/ Yeast Extract Free

Canned soups, crackers, meats, salad dressings, frozen meals

Monosodium Glutamate (MSG) is a flavor enhancer

The FDA has received reports of symptoms such as headache and nausea after eating foods containing MSG,also known as:Glutamic Acid (E 620)2, Glutamate (E 620), Monosodium Glutamate (E 621), Monopotassium Glutamate (E 622), Calcium Glutamate (E 623), Monoa

Caffeine Free

Caffeine Free

Coffee, Tea, Energy Drinks, Energy bars, sodas

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Nut Free

Nut Free

Candy, Cereal, chocolate, energy bars, nutrition bars, nut butters, pastes, oils and extracts.

Used to indicate that a product is free of all types of nuts. Please consult product labelling to verify

Allergies to specific nut types are becoming more common

Soy Free

Soy Free

Baked goods and baking mixes, Candy, Cereal, chocolate, energy bars, nutrition bars, vegan products, infant formula etc.

Used to indicate that a product is free of soy or soy derived ingredients

Soy is frequently used as a filler product in pet food, vs higher nutrient quality ingredients, and is also know as: Bean curd, Edamame (soybeans in pods), Hydrolyzed soy protein, kinnoko flour , Kyodofu (freeze dried tofu) , Miso , Natto , Okara (soy pul

Corn Free

Corn Free

Alternatives to foods that would typically contain corn.

Used to indicate that a product is free of corn or corn derived ingredients

Corn is frequently used as a filler product in pet food, vs higher nutrient quality ingredients, and is also known as maize

Yeast Free

Yeast Free

Most breads, bakery products and any food containing vinegar such as salad dressings

Used to indicate that a product is free of yeast

May be an issue for those suffering from yeast intolerance

Alcohol Free

Alcohol Free

Mouthwash, toothpaste, wipes

Used to indicate that a product is free of ethyl alcohol

Also known as ethyl alcohol, SD Alcohol

Salt Free

Salt Free

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Used to indicate a product has less than 5 mg salt per serving

Also known as sodium

Trans Fat Free

Trans Fat Free

Baked goods, snacks, creamer, margarine, fried food

Trans fat is produced by adding hydrogen to vegetable oil, which causes the oil to become solid at room temperatue, and makes it less likely to spoil

Trans fat raises your LDL ("bad") cholesterol and lowers your HDL ("good") (HDL) cholesterol

Kosher Certified

Kosher Certified

Food ingredients and packaged foods

This certification verifies that the ingredients, production process, and/or food-service process complies with the standards of Jewish dietary law

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Ammonia Free

Ammonia Free

Bleaches, all purpose cleaners, dish soap, dishwashing detergent

Ammonia is used primarily as a househould cleaner

It can irritate or burn skin and mucous membranes, and is toxic if swallowed

SLS Free

SLS Free

Laundry detergent, toothpaste, soap, lotions, cleansers, moisturizers, shampoo, conditioner

Sodium Lauryl Sulfate (SLS) and Sodium Laureth Sulfate (SLES) are additives that allow cleansing products to foam

Studies suggest it causes Irritation of the skin and eyes, and organ and reproductive toxicity

Paraben Free

Paraben Free

Creams, lotions, cleansers, moisturizers, shampoo, conditioner, fragrance, cosmetics

Used to prevent bacteria growth in cosmetic products

Studies suggest parabens can disrupt reproductive hormones, and can also irritate the skin or cause allergic reactions, and is also known as Methylparaben, ethylparaben, propylparaben, isobutylparaben, butylparaben, benzylparaben

Phthalate Free

Phthalate Free

Plastic containers, nail polish, air fresheners, fragrance

Used as lubricants in cosmetics and to make plastics flexible

Phthalates disrupt the endocrine system by mimicing and displacing hormones and interrupting their production

Phosphate Free

Phosphate Free

Colas, baking powder, Hair care products, skin care products

Widely used as a preservative and stabilizer

Phosphates are hard to break down during waste water processing, and pass into rivers and lakes, increasing algae growth and subsequently decreasing the oxygen needed for healthy aquatic life.

DEA Free

DEA Free

Dish soap, dish detergent, all purpose cleaners, laundry detergent, body wash

Diethanolamine (DEA) is used as a solvent and pH adjuster and as a lathering agent in skincare and haircare products

The California EPA classes DEA as a possible human carcinogen. It is also a known skin, respiratory and immune system toxicant.

TEA Free

TEA Free

Laundry detergent, dish soap, cosmetics, creams, lotions, deodorants, hair products

Triethanolamine (TEA) is used as a pH adjuster, and as an emulsifier

It is a known skin, respiratory and immune system toxicant.

Propylene Glycol Free

Propylene Glycol Free

Cosmetics, creams, lotions, cleansers, hair products

Propylene glycol is used as a conditioning agent in skin care and hair care products

It can cause skin irritation and dermatitis in low amounts

PEG Free

PEG Free

Laundry detergent, fabric softener

Polyethylene glycol (PEG) is used as a moisturizer and stabliizer

It can cause irritation or skin sensitizationcan and can also contain other potentially harmful compounds like ethylene oxide or 1,4-dioxane

Phenoxyethanol Free

Phenoxyethanol Free

Laundry detergent, dish soap, cosmetics, creams, lotions, deodorants, hair products

Phenoxyethanol is a preservative used in skin care and hair care products

It can cause mild skin irritation

Retinyl Palmitate Free

Retinyl Palmitate Free

Cosmetics, creams, lotions, cleansers, hair products

Retinyl Palmitate, or Vitamin A, is an antioxidant added to skin products because manufacturers believe it slows skin aging.

Studies have found that vitamin A contributes to excess skin growth (hyperplasia), and in sunlight can cause the production of free radicals that can damage DNA, and is also known as Vitamin A, Retinoids, Retinol, Retinol Acetate, Retinol Palmitate, Retin

BHA Free

BHA Free

Lipstick

BHA or butylated hydroxyanisole is a synthetic antioxidant that is used to prevent fats from going rancid

National Institutes of Health’s National Toxicology Program found that BHA can be 'reasonably anticipated to be a human carcinogen'

BHT Free

BHT Free

Laundry detergent, soap, moisturizer, cosmetics, sunscreen

BHT or butylated hydroxytoluene stabilizes fats and is used to retain food smell, color and flavor

Studies have linked BHT to several health concerns including endocrine disruption and organ-system toxicity

Bronopol Free

Bronopol Free

Baby wipes, diaper creams

Exposure can cause adverse effects on the the gastrointestinal tract, liver, or gall bladder

Bronopol is an antibacterial agent

Triclosan Free

Triclosan Free

Hand soap, sanitizer, dishwashing detergent, cleaning products

Triclosan and Triclocarban are antibacterial agents

In studies, they have been shown to disrupt the endocrine system and alter the body’s production of hormones

Aluminum Free

Aluminum Free

Deodorants, Antiperspirants, cosmetics

Aluminum-based compounds block the sweat glands to keep sweat from getting to the skin's surface.

Some studies report links between exposure to aluminum compounds and Alzheimer's disease, however at this point findings are inconclusive and association has been rejected by authoritative organizations.

Fragrance Free

Fragrance Free

Body care and hair care products, cosmetics, cleaners, wipes

Fragrance is used as a catch-all term to refer to any number of natural and chemical ingredients and blends

In addition to natural essences, fragrance can contain synthetic chemicals hidden in the blend, also know as Parfum

Dye Free

Dye Free

Body care and hair care products, cosmetics, cleaners, wipes

Dye is used as coloring

It's frequently unlabeled on ingredient lists but can be comprised of a mix of several different colors, some of which have been linked to carcinogenic effects

Chlorine Free

Chlorine Free

Diapers, all-purpose Cleaner, dish soap and detergent, cleaning and baby wipes

It's a known irritant, Sodium Hypochlorite is suspected of causing asthma, according to the Association of Occupational and Environmental Clinics.

Chlorine is used as a cleaner and bleaching agent

Fluoride Free

Fluoride Free

Toothpastes, mouthwash, drinking water

There are drawbacks and a current focus on how to minimize how much gets into the body and bones, and limiting vunerable group's exposure (babies and infants)

Fluoride is used to strengthen teeth and improve cavity resistance.

BPA Free

BPA Free

Most beverage cans, canned food, plastic containers

Bisphenol A (BPA) is an industrial chemical used to make food and drink containers, and most beverage cans

It's a synthetic estrogen, where even small amounts have been shows to disrupt the endocrine system. Exposure increase risks for breast cancer, prostate cancer, infertility, early puberty, metabolic disorders and type-2 diabetes

Formaldehyde Free

Formaldehyde Free

Stain and odor removers, nail polish

Formaldehyde releasers are sometimes used in the production of certain cosmetic products

Formaldehyde is a carcinogenic impurity released by a number of cosmetic preservatives, and is also known as Methanal, methyl aldehyde, methylene glycol, methylene oxide.

Talc Free

Talc Free

Baby powder, nail polish, eye makeup and lip liner

It is used to keep skin dry and prevent rashes.

Studies of personal use of talcum powder have had mixed results, there is some suggestion of a possible increase in ovarian cancer risk.

PVC Free

PVC Free

Plastic bottles and containers

Polyvinyl Chloride (PVC) is used in plastic bottles and food containers

It's often mixed with phthalates, a toxic additive that makes plastic more flexible.

Resorcinol Free

Resorcinol Free

Hair color

Resorcinol is used in hair color and bleaching products

It's a skin irritant and toxic to the immune and endocrine systems.

Oxybenzone Free

Oxybenzone Free

Sunscreen

Oxybenzone is an active ingredient in sunscreen

It can cause allergic skin reactions and may disrupt hormones

Octinoxate Free

Octinoxate Free

Sunscreen

Octinoxate is an active ingredient in sunscreen

It can cause allergic skin reactions and may disrupt hormones

Octocrylene Free

Octocrylene Free

Sunscreen

Octocrylene is an active ingredient in sunscreen

It can cause allergic skin reactions and may disrupt hormones

Homosalate Free

Homosalate Free

Sunscreen

Homosalate is an active ingredient in sunscreen

Studies have shown it may disrupt hormones

 

Nutrition

 

Found in

Why it's used

What to watch out for

Low Cholesterol

Low Cholesterol

Baked goods, margarine, Eggs, liver, fish, fast foods, butter, shellfish, shrimp, bacon, sausages, red meat, cheese

Used to indicate a product has less than 20 mg cholesterol per serving

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Low Saturated Fat

Low Saturated Fat

Cheese, pizza, chicken, bacon, burgers, candy, butter, reduced fat milk

Used to indicate a product has less than 1 mg cholesterol per serving

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Low Sodium

Low Sodium

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Used to indicate a product has less than 140 mg salt per serving

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Less than 25% sugar

Less than 25% sugar

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Used to indicate a product has less than 25% sugar as a proportion of its overall weight

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High Fiber

High Fiber

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Used to indicate a product has at least 5 grams of fiber per serving

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Environment

Found in

Why it's used

What to watch out for

Cruelty Free

Cruelty Free

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At True Club, we only stock Cruelty Free products. Products are certified by either PETA or the Leaping Bunny Program, or by companies verifying directly that they do not test on animals

Fair trade

Fair trade

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Fair Trade Certified™ products ensure Famers and workers are getting a fair deal, funds are invested in community development, and that the goods produced are good for the enviroment

Certified B Corporation

Certified B Corporation

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B Corps are companies certified to meet rigorous standards of social and environmental performance, accountability, and transparency.

Recyclable

Recyclable

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Indicates whether a products packaging is recycable

Usually found on the bottom of plasitc and cardboard containers,

Made in USA

Made in USA

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Indicates whether a product was manufactured in the U.S.

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Diet

 

Found in

Why it's used

What to watch out for

Gluten-Free

Gluten-Free

Gluten is a general name for the proteins found in wheat, rye, barley and triticale

Gluten helps foods maintain their shape, acting as a glue that holds food together.

Gluten can cause health issues for people that sufferer from gluten-related disorders, including coeliac disease, non-coeliac gluten sensitivity (NCGS), gluten ataxia, dermatitis herpetiformis, and wheat allergy

Vegan

Vegan

Vegans, in addition to being vegetarian, do not use other animal products and by-products such as eggs, dairy products, honey, leather, fur, silk, wool, cosmetics, and soaps derived from animal products.

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Vegetarian

Vegetarian

The vegetarian diet includes only foods from plants: fruits, vegetables, legumes, grains, seeds and nuts, and includes animal by-products like eggs, dairy products etc.

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Paleo

Paleo

The Paleolithic diet typically includes vegetables, fruits, nuts, roots and meats, while excluding foods such as dairy products, grains, sugar, legumes, processed oils, salt, and alcohol or coffee

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Raw

Raw

Following a raw food diet is the dietary practice of eating only uncooked, unprocessed foods, which may include fruits, vegetables, nuts, seeds, eggs, fish and dairy products.

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